New Delhi is a capital of India. Its spectacular history and vestiges of lost empires guarantee its place in the cannon of great ancient city, yet the city’s infrastructure, financial, political hub unmask its true metropolitan nature.
During the British period the capital of India was Calcutta till 1911 AD. However it has been the region of power for many rulers and empires that existed for many centuries. This city has been destroyed many time but rebuilt again every single time. Interestingly, a number of Delhi's rulers played a dual role, first as destroyers and then as creators. Later the British administration felt that it would be easier to administer India from Delhi rather than from Calcutta as it was located in heart of northern India, so the capital had been shifted to Delhi.
The foundation stone of town was set by King of Great Britain, Emperor of India throughout the city room of 1911.it absolutely was designed by British architects, Sir King Architect and Sir Herbert Baker. The new capital was instated on thirteen Feb 1931 by India's Viceroy Lord Irwin.
As per mythology, The indraprastha which was once the capital city of The pandavas of Mahabharata was believed to be geographical located which we now call Delhi.
The city's importance lies not simply in its past glory of various empires and dynasties that once resided to this place but also the amalgamation of vivid cultures that were produced during their reign are still evident in this city. Great legendry poets like Amir Khusrow,Chand Bardari,Galib ,Mohammad Ibrahim Zauq and several others have also been part of Delhi’s flamboyant culture.In Delhi, you may discover that the town is inundated with dazzling gems: fascinating ancient monuments, fascinating museums and art galleries, study wonders, a vibrant performing-arts scene, fabulous feeding places and active markets.
Delhi is also one of the most important financial and political hub of India and absorbs more than lakh migrations annually from other states of all over India. Approximately 15 million tours flock to the city every year.
Tourist attractions in Delhi
Being the most ancient and historic city Delhi has many architecture and attractions.
Lutyens' Delhi Local Sightseeing
Between 1911, colonial rulers aimed to create the new capital district in the heart of the Delhi City which symbolised their power, the area was designed and developed as a British architecture by Herbert Baker and Edwin Lutyens and the modern area known as Lutiyan’s Delhi. The attractions which cover under Lutyens' Delhi are as per given below.
India Gate and Rajpath in New Delhi :-
Down the road from the gate of the Rastrapati Bhawan, Rajpath culminates at India Gate. The monument commemorates the Indian Solider was killed during the world for and Afghan war, the monument has names of the soldiers engraved on the walls of the monument who died in these wars. On each face of the war memorial the word “Amar Jawan” has been inscribed in gold. Apart from that the green lawns surrounding the arch are popular among the visitors who come here during the breezy summer evening or sunny winter morning for walk or picnic with friends or family.
Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi :-
Parliament of India or Sansad Bhawan was designed by sir Herbert Baker and Sir Edwin Lutyens and around 1912–1913, it is a is a circular building which made as a British architecture.
Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi :-
The Rastrapati Bhawan was built for Governor General of India and the architecture was incorporated of European and Mughal/Indian style .When the construction of this building was completed in the year 1929, it was known as Viceroy’s Hose, and after independence its first occupant was C. Rajgopalachari, who was the first and last Governor-General of India. In 1950, after adaptation of the constitution, it was renamed as ‘Rashtrapati Bhavan’ and was reserved for the President of the Union of India.
Connaught Place and Janpat in New Delhi:-
Connaught Place which is known as heart of Delhi for its lively atmosphere and planned Layout. The Street meant for business with a circular area that is divided into two circles named as inner and outer Connaught circle. The Connaught Place was designed in typical English fashion by Robert Tor Russell in 1913-31, it is an arcade bosting retail stores, superb restaurants and commercial complexes.
The Erstwhile queen’s way is now known as Janpath and is now a very popular open-air shopping complex. Connaguht Place is also known for Palika-Baazar, which was the first underground market in Delhi.
Lodhi Gardens in New Delhi:-
Lodhi Garden was also known as Lady Willingdon Park. The park has various 15th – 16th century monuments belonging to Lodhi and Afghan dynasty, which once ruled Delhi, are spread throughout this lush green and beautiful garden. There was a village in this area before 1936, however they were shifted to another place by the British Empire and the area was converted into a garden. It’s has now become one of the most favourite tourist spot in Delhi.
Mughal monuments New Delhi Local Sightseeing
Purana Quila in New Delhi:-
Purana Quila was the one of the best Mughal architecture. As per mythology this fort was built by Pandavas and later it was renovated by Humayun and also later enhancement was made by Sher Shah Suri. It is different from the normal Mughals buildings, as it doesn’t have an administrative complex, palaces and recreational buildings, which are common in later Mughals buildings. The two impotent monuments are inside the Purana Quila.
Red Fort in Old Delhi:-
Red fort or Lal Quila was constructed by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, The construction lasted from 1639 to 1648, when Shah Jahan was decided to shift from Agra to Delhi. The entire fort was made by huge blocks red sandstone. This fort survived the large scale demolition done by the British Empire in India due to its importance. Every year here on Independence Day (15th August), Prime Minister of India, hoisted the Tricolour.
Salimgarh Fort in Old Delhi:-
This fort is now the part of Red fort complex. Salimgarh fort was built in 1546.But for entry into the Fort from the northern side which is called Bahadur Shahi Gate was constructed only in 1854-55 by the the last Mughal ruler of India,Bahadur Shah Zafar.This gate was constructed brick masonry and enhanced with red sandstone. In 1857, this fort was used as a jail which housed Zebunnisa , how was the daughter of Aurangzeb and the British detained the opportunity contenders of the INA.
Chandni Chowk in Old Delhi :-
Chandni chowk is the one of the most famous attraction of Delhi, it a main marketplace in Delhi, is located in old Delhi and also a main Wholesale marketplace in Delhi. This was created by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, Legend has it that Shah Jahan planned Chandni Chowk so that his daughter could shop at here only.
Chandni chowk market was separated by canals but now the canals are closed, but it remains Asia's largest wholesale market.
Patronized Mughals craft continue to flourish at this place. It is the one of the oldest and busiest markets in central north Delhi, the Laal Quila (The Red Fort) and Fateh Puri Masjid.
Chandni chowk witnesses a good cultural harmony were you can find the worship places of the different religion on the same place such as Jama Masjid in the vicinity, along with Sis Ganj Gurudwara, Gauri Shankar Mandir, Jain Mandir and a lot of small temples.
Apart from shopping Cahndni chowk is also famous for is verity of the foods as well.
Safdarjung's Tomb in New Delhi :-
Safderjung tomb was constructed in 1754 and it was the last monumental tomb garden of the Mughals, which was constucted like an enclosed garden tomb in line with the style of the Humayun Tomb. This is the Tomb of the viceroy of the Awadh, Mirza Muqim Abul Mansoor Khan and it was constructed by his son Shuja- Ud – Daulah.
Humayun’s Tomb in New Delhi:-
Humayun Tomb is located at Lodhi road near the crossing of Mathura road, it was constructed in 1565 by his first wife Bega Begam, after fine year of his death. It is also designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect. It was declared as UNESCO world Heritage site since 1993.
Humayun’s Tomb is the first of the famouse garden tomb of the Mughals. The building, its water channels, fountains and gardens have all been beautifully restored.
Earlier monuments New Delhi Local Sightseeing
Qutub Minar in New Delhi:-
It is the one of the most impotent tourist attraction of the Delhi. Qutub Minar is 73 meters high and is situated in Qutub complex at Mehrauli in South Delhi, the construction started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak of Slave Dynasty, by using marble and sandstones, in the year 1193 but it was finished by Iitumish, his son-in-low in 1368. Its fifth and the last storey was built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The site has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The area around the Qutub Minar is known as the Qutb complex, and holds various other ancient and medieval structures.
The Tomb Of Shamsu'd-Din Iltutmish in New Delhi:-
It was built by the Iitumish himself in 1235, it is a deceptively simple building with Quranic injunctions written in Nakshi script on all side.
Alai Darwaza in New Delhi:-
Allauddin Khilji , Sultan of Delhi after the end of the Slava dynasty, built the Alai Darwaza in 1311, a gate way on the sothern side of thr Quwwat Ul Islam Mosque.
The Iron Pillar of Mehrauli in New Delhi :-
The Iron pillar that stands in the courtyard of Mehrauli Qutub comple is a 5th century relic that bears an inscription eulogising Gupta dynasty rulers. It is 7 meters high, notable for the rust-resistant composition of the metals used in its construction.
Archaeologists and metal scientists said about the Pillar because of its high resistance to corrosion: "a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths" which protected from the effect of the climate.
Tughlaqabad Fort in New Delhi :-
The Fort was built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq of Tughlaq Dynasty in 1321. Tughlaqabad Fort is vast stone scape hugging a rocky spread scramble up on the grassy hillocks of the fort to admire the views.
The tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq is located just opposite the main gate of fort, it was buit in 1325.
Hauz Khas Complex in New Delhi:-
Hauz khas complex is located in south Delhi houses a water tank, an Islamic theological seminary, a mosque, a tomb and structures fabricated around a urbanized town with medieval history followed to the thirteenth century of Delhi Sultanate reign. This was built by f Allauddin Khilji in 1300 AD. It is also one of the most important tourist attraction in New Delhi.
Places of worship in New Delhi
Laxminarayan Temple in New Delhi :-
The temple implicit honour of Lakshmi (Hindu goddess of riches), and her partner Narayana (Vishnu, Preserver in the Trimurti) it was built by B. R. Birla from 1933 and 1939,when it was introduced by Mahatma Gandhi. The side temples are committed to Krishna and Buddha and Shiva.
Akshardham Temple in New Delhi :-
It is the one of the largest Hindu temple of the world which is built in 2005, It is speeded over 100 acre and rests an intricately carved monument, an IMAX theatre, high-technology exhibitions, a musical fountain, gardens and a food court.
Cathedral Church of Redemption in New Delhi :-
This cathedral also known as Victory Church, it is located near of Rastrapati Bhawan and Parliament house. This church was designed by Henry Medd and was completed 1935 after eight years of the construction.
Church was inherent such a way, to the point that even in the great summers it stays cool and peaceful. It is gone by a huge number of guests every day.
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib in New Delhi :-
Bangla Sahib is one of the most significant and largest Gurdwars of New Delhi and also it is the prime visited place of Delhi. Here the eighth guru of Sikhism, Guru Harkrishan lived his last breath. At the very young age of 6-7 he served people who were ravaged by the vicious smallpox epidemic. He died due to small pox at a very early age of 8. Hence it is the most important place for Sikhs . The Gurdwara offers free foods (Langar) to all guests and aficionados for the duration of the day.
ISKCON Temple in New Delhi:-
This temple is also known as Hare Krishna temple which located in South Delhi. The foundation work of the Temple started in 1991 and was finished in 1998 under the planning of famous architect Achyut Kanvinde.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna and Rasha.This temple was built by the red stone and also its architecture which blends the traditional Vedic with contemporary style.
Jama Masjid in New Delhi :-
It was built between 1650 and 1656, it is the most revered mosque in Delhi, it was constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Jama Masjit is one of the largest Mosque of the india.
Lotus Temple in New Delhi :-
It is the one of the most beautiful temple architecture which looks like a white lotus which was created by Bahá'í House of Worship, hence this temple is also called Lotus temple which located in south Delhi.
St. James' Church in New Delhi :-
St. James' Church is located at Kashmiri Gate, near Kashmiri Gate and is one of the oldest churches in India. This church was constructed in 1836 by a British officer, Colonel James Skinner.
Kalka Ji Mandir in New Delhi:-
Kalka Temple is a one of the most renowned and oldest Hindu temple located in Delhi. The temple is located near Kalkaji Metro station in the south Delhi. The temple is dedicated to Hindu goddess Kali, who is worshiped in form of Kalka.
Nizamuddin Dargah in New Delhi :-
It is mausoleum of one of the most famous Sufi saints, Nizamuddin Auliya which is located at Nizamuddin area. It is visited by thousands of people of various faiths and religion every week.
The Nizamuddin Dargah complex also holds the tombs of great poet Amir Khusrow and Mughal Princess Jahanara Begum who was the eldest daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.
Main tourist attractions in New Delhi Local Sightseeing
Jantar Mantar in New Delhi :-
Jantar Mantar was constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur, who aslo constructed similar monuments in Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi, in the year 1724.The observatory consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments.
Jantar Mantar was an astronomical observatory built to calculate astronomical tables, for finding changes in the movement of sun, moon and planets and other astronomical observations.
National Museum in New Delhi :-
It is one of the largest museum in India. The museum features various artefacts and art ranging from pre-historic era to modern age. The National Museum is operated and mainted by Ministry of Culture, Government of India and it is located on the corner of Maulana Azad Road and Janpath.
National Rail Museum in New Delhi :-
This museum is located in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. National Rail Museum was opened on the 9 July 1977 and the main theme of the museum is the rail heritage of India. The museum also features a toy train and gives a ride of the whole museum on regular days. This museum is also the house of Guinness Book of Record holder, Fairy Queen which is world's oldest operational steam locomotive built in 1855.
Raj Ghat in New Delhi :-
Raj Ghat is a memorial of the father of The Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. It is a black marble platform, covered with flowers marks the spot of Mahatma Gandhi's cremation, Antim Sanskar on 31 January 1948. Two museums dedicated to Gandhi are situated nearby
Shanti Vana in New Delhi :-
Shanti Vana is located closed to Raj Ghat, it is the memorial of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru where he was cremated.
National Zoological Park in New Delhi :-
National Zoological Park is spread in a huge area 176-acre and is near the Purana Quila. It is now home to over 130 species of animals and birds and has over 1300 animals from around the world.
How to Reach Delhi
Delhi is well connected from all major cities of India and also all major cities of the world as well.
Most of the domestic and international Airlines have their regular flight from New Delhi. The main airport is Indira Gandhi International and Domestic Airport.
Safdarjung Airport , now the government closed the Safdarjung Airport for flying activities, the club only carries out aircraft maintenance courses today.
New Delhi is well routed via rail networks from all the major cities of India. There is a lots of regular train operates from its three main stations: Old Delhi Railway Station, New Delhi Railway Station and and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station.
Delhi is well linked with roads and national highways, with India’s all major cities. Delhi has three main interstate bus terminals: Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) at Kashmiri Gate, Anand Vihar Bus Terminal and Sarai Kale-Khan Bus Terminal. Both the government and private transporters provide frequent bus services. One can also get government as well as private taxis from here.
Shopping in Old Delhi and New Delhi
Delhi is the most important shopping hub of the India ,where you can get all varieties from ethnic to modern, local to international brand. There are lots of places where you shop as per your choices.
Shopping in Old Delhi:-
Old Delhi is a unique array of shopping where you can get from pearls to paper, Bangles to Biryani, gold to golgappas, methai to all motor parts. Some markets are significantly known for the particular items, such as Dariba Kalan is famous for its Silver Jewellery, Kinari Bazar is famous for weeding items , Katra Neel is textile hub, Khari Baoli for its spices and Paratha Gali is famous for varieties of Parathas.
Shopping in Janpath, New Delhi :-
Janpath is the most popular street market of central Delhi. Were one can get ethnic chic, Kurtas , T-shirts , skirts ,footwear, bags and all type of handicraft item on the very reasonable prices.
Shopping in Connaught Place, New Delhi :-
Connaught place is famous for its branded shopping where you can get all national and international brands, apart from that you can also fine variety of the handicrafts, ethnic jewelleries , posters , books at every corner of the Connaught place. It is also famous for food as well.
Shopping in Baba Khadag Singh Marg, New Delhi :-
Government emporiums are located at Baba Khadag Singh Marg were you can find unique items of each states of India such as handicraft ,cloths, artefacts and jewelleries.
Shopping in Khan Market, New Delhi:-
Khan Market is famous for its upmarket shopping, where you can find the designer qoutiquies , high class cafes , book stores.
Shopping in Sarojni Nagar, New Delhi :-
Sarojni Nagar is a paradise for the budget shopping. You can all types of clothes , bags, footwear, and lots of other things on the lowest price.
Shopping in South Extension, New Delhi:-
South extension market is a multi-storeyed shops which offer all the Indian and international brands, jewellery shops, foot wears and street foods and branded restaurants.
Shopping in GK 1 Market, New Delhi:-
Greater Kailash 1st has M Block market which is also one of the most popular of Delhi, were you can get all the Indian and international brands, accessories and cosmetics shops.
Shopping in Lajpat Nagar Market, New Delhi :-
Lajpart nagar market is also one of the most famous market of Delhi. It is the place where you can get all type of shopping items on the very reasonable prices, this market also offers all the Indian and international brands, jewellery shops, foot wears and street foods and branded restaurants
Shopping in Hauz Khas Village, New Delhi:-
Khan market known as upmarket famous for its ethnic-designer shopping such as old books, antique furniture, artefacts, western clothing and its Indian traditional fabrics.
Shopping in Dilli Haat, New Delhi :-
An open-air food plaza Dilli Haat also offer a variety of cultural traditions of India. You can shop here all the traditional items of India such as rosewood and sandalwood carvings , metal crafts, silk and wool fabrics, brassware, embellished camel hide footwear, gems, beads etc.
Shopping Malls in New Delhi
Being a metropolitan city, malls are available throughout Delhi. Some of the most popular malls are Select City Walk, Saket, DLF Promenade, Vasant Kunj, Ambience Mall, Vasant Kunj, Ansal Plaza, at Hudco Place, West Gate Mall, Rajouri Garden, and Epicuria Food Mall, Nehru Place.